I visited Shenzhen around forty years ago, when it was a small village of fishermen. No one could believe a poor village can be developed so rapidly. For developments, the top most prerequisite is considered Capital, where, the poor villagers have no money to invest. The second most important ingredient for development is technology, whereas the fishermen, have only old-styled bamboo boats for fishing merely, lacking any advance technology. The third most important is the appropriate human resource, which was severely lacking in Shenzhen four decades ago. Obviously, based on ground realities, no one had imaged that the fishing village can be transformed a mega, hi-tech, global hub of innovation, a most modern and developed metropolitan of the world.
Shenzhen, located in Guangdong Province, bordering with Hong Kong, has undergone remarkable transformation and development since the late 1970s. The comparison of Shenzhen’s status in 1979 and today, backed by facts and figures, demonstrates the impressive progress achieved.
Evolution Process and Stages. 进化过程和阶段
Early Development (1979-1980s) 早期发展（1979-1980年代）
In 1980, Shenzhen was designated as China’s first Special Economic Zone (SEZ), marking the beginning of its economic liberalization and opening-up policies. The “Reform and Opening-up” era under Deng Xiaoping paved the way for foreign investments and economic experimentation in the city.
Industrial Boom (1990s-2000s) 工业繁荣（1990年代至2000年代）
The 1990s witnessed a rapid industrialization phase, with Shenzhen becoming a global manufacturing hub, particularly in electronics and telecommunications. The city attracted multinational corporations, fostering the growth of export-oriented industries. This period saw the establishment of the Shenzhen Stock Exchange in 1990, contributing to the city’s financial prominence.
Innovation-Driven Growth (2010s-Present) 创新驱动型增长（2010年代至今）
In recent years, Shenzhen has shifted its focus towards innovation and technology. The city has become a global leader in areas such as telecommunications, artificial intelligence, and green technology. Policies promoting research and development, coupled with a vibrant startup culture, have led to the rise of tech giants headquartered in Shenzhen.
Status of Shenzhen in 1979 vs. Today 1979年深圳的现状与今天
In 1979: 1979年：
Population: Approximately 30,000
Economy: Predominantly agrarian
Infrastructure: Limited and underdeveloped
Global Presence: Virtually non-existent
Population: Over 13 million 人口：超过1300万
Economy: One of the fastest-growing in China, contributing significantly to the national GDP
Infrastructure: Modern and well-developed, featuring world-class transportation and urban planning
Global Presence: A major player in the global technology and manufacturing sectors
Facts and Figures 事实和数字
GDP Growth: Shenzhen’s GDP has experienced a consistent double-digit growth rate over the past decades, surpassing many global cities. GDP增长：深圳的GDP在过去几十年中一直保持着两位数的增长率，超过了许多全球城市。
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Shenzhen has consistently attracted high levels of FDI, showcasing its appeal to international businesses. 外商直接投资（FDI）：深圳一直吸引着高水平的外国直接投资，显示出其对国际企业的吸引力。
Innovation Index: The city ranks among the top globally in innovation indices, with a burgeoning technology and start-up ecosystem. 创新指数：该市在创新指数方面位居全球前列，拥有蓬勃发展的技术和创业生态系统。
Future Prospects and the Way Forward 未来前景和前进道路
Shenzhen’s trajectory suggests a promising future with a focus on sustainable development and innovation. The city is poised to become a model for smart urban planning, environmental sustainability, and technological advancement. Key factors contributing to Shenzhen’s future success include:
Innovation Ecosystem: Continued emphasis on fostering innovation through research and development, collaboration with global tech firms, and support for start-ups. 创新生态系统：继续强调通过研发、与全球科技公司合作以及支持初创公司来促进创新。
Green Initiatives: Implementation of eco-friendly practices, renewable energy solutions, and sustainable urban planning to ensure environmental conservation. 绿色倡议：实施环保做法、可再生能源解决方案和可持续城市规划，以确保环境保护。
Global Integration: Strengthening international partnerships, attracting foreign talent, and expanding its global footprint to solidify Shenzhen’s position in the global economy. 全球一体化：加强国际合作伙伴关系，吸引外国人才，扩大全球足迹，巩固深圳在全球经济中的地位。
Reasons behind rapid developments: 快速发展背后的原因：
Although Shen Zhen was lacking in Capital, Technology and Human Resource, but, the visionary leadership had a solution to all these de-merits, that is policy incentives. The Great leader Deng Xiao Ping, the architect of modern China, introduced reforms and opening up-policies. Shenzhen was declared a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) with friendly and attractive policy incentives, which has attracted the International Investors.
Foreign Investors, brought the required Capital and Technology. Solved the problem of shortage of Capital and Modern Technology. Foreign investors, usually bring the latest, and state of the art technology. Which was much need by Shen Zhen at that particular time. Initially, foreign investor brings human resource along with him, but, gradually trains the local human resource and replace gradually. So, Shenzhen was very lucky that its population was trained by foreign investors.
Within four decades, Shen Zhen generated its own Capita, Technology and Human resource. Today, it has become like a Silicon Valley of China and helping the far flung areas in China like Xinjiang. It is contributing a lot in the developments of several under developed areas in China and catering the thrust of technology globally.
Shenzhen’s development journey is a testament to the transformative power of visionary policies and strategic planning. From a modest fishing village in 1979 to a global economic powerhouse today, Shenzhen’s success story is a source of inspiration for cities worldwide. With a focus on innovation, sustainability, and global collaboration, Shenzhen is well-positioned for continued prosperity in the years to come. It has emerged a role model for many developing nations and some of them are following this model already.
In Pakistan, Gwadar was a small fishermen village. But, with development of Gwadar Deep Sea port and several development initiative under China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), the future of Gwadar seems bright.
( 注意： 本文主用机器翻译的， 很可能有差异。 请参考原版英文的。 谢谢。）
Reference Link:- https://www2.apdnews.cn/en/item/23/1204/axjcmmzc3c87ca31b62f9c.html