The 30th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Economic Leaders’ Meeting, chaired by U.S. President Joe Biden, unfolded in San Francisco, aiming to foster a more interconnected, innovative, and inclusive APEC region. This report delves into the highlights of the meeting between President Xi Jinping of China and President Biden, addressing key issues such as climate change, economic cooperation, and bilateral relations.
APEC stands for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. It is a regional intergovernmental forum established in 1989 to promote economic cooperation and free trade in the Asia-Pacific region. APEC’s primary goal is to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by facilitating balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative, and secure economic growth.
APEC’s objectives are focused on economic and technical cooperation among its members. Key areas of cooperation include trade and investment liberalization, business facilitation, economic and technical cooperation, and human security.
APEC facilitates these objectives through various working groups, committees, and initiatives that address a wide range of issues, such as trade and investment barriers, business regulations, economic policy, and sustainable development.
APEC has 21 member economies, which include: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, United States, and Vietnam.
It’s important to note that the term “economies” is used instead of “countries” because APEC includes both sovereign states and territories.
Opening Remarks: 开场白
President Biden set the tone by emphasizing the pivotal moment the world faces, where decisions made now will shape the global trajectory for decades. He underscored the urgent need for collective action on climate change, acknowledging the shared responsibility of major economies to curb emissions. President Biden called for strong national commitments within the APEC economies to address climate change, emphasizing the interconnectedness of climate security, energy security, and food security.
China’s Perspective on APEC and Global Cooperation: 中国对亚太经合组织与全球合作的看法
President Xi Jinping delivered a speech at the APEC CEO Summit, reflecting on the three-decade journey of Asia-Pacific cooperation. He emphasized the need to uphold the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, advocating for dialogue and partnership over geopolitical rivalry. President Xi stressed the importance of open regionalism and the pursuit of a Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific to foster interconnected economies.
Economic Outlook and China’s Development: 经济展望与中国发展：
President Xi highlighted China’s steady economic recovery and its role as a global growth engine. He emphasized China’s commitment to high-standard opening up, fostering a market-oriented, law-based, and world-class business environment. Xi expressed confidence in China’s long-term and stable growth, pledging to provide new growth momentum and opportunities to the world.
Bilateral Agreements and Initiatives: 双边协议和倡议：
Xi and Biden announced the establishment of a working group on counternarcotic cooperation, demonstrating a shared commitment to addressing transnational challenges. They also agreed to resume high-level military-to-military communication and establish government talks on artificial intelligence, signalling cooperation in critical areas.
Taiwan Question and Reaffirmation of Commitments: 台湾问题与承诺重申：
The Taiwan question emerged as a central point of discussion, with President Xi stressing its sensitivity and importance in China-U.S. relations. He urged the U.S. to honour its commitment against supporting “Taiwan independence” and to cease arms sales to Taiwan. President Biden reaffirmed the one-China policy and expressed hope for non-interference in Taiwan’s upcoming elections.
Candid Exchange of Views: 坦诚交换意见：
President Xi and President Biden engaged in a four-hour candid and in-depth exchange of views on strategic issues critical to China-U.S. relations and global peace. The meeting took place at the Filoli Estate, symbolizing the historical significance of U.S.-China relations.
Five Pillars for China-U.S. Relations: 中美关系的五大支柱：
Xi proposed five pillars for China-U.S. relations, emphasizing mutual respect, effective disagreement management, mutually beneficial cooperation, shared responsibilities as major countries, and enhanced people-to-people exchanges.
Xi-Biden meeting ‘positive, comprehensive and constructive’: 习近平会议“积极、全面、建设性”：
The two presidents acknowledged the efforts of their respective teams to discuss the development of principles related to China-U.S. relations since the meeting in Bali. They stressed the importance of all countries treating each other with respect and finding a way to live alongside each other peacefully, and of maintaining open lines of communication, preventing conflict, upholding the UN Charter, cooperating in areas of shared interest, and responsibly managing competitive aspects of the relationship. The leaders welcomed continued discussions in this regard.
They agreed to promote and strengthen dialogue and cooperation between the two countries in various areas including China-U.S. government talks on AI and the establishment of a working group on counter-narcotics cooperation. They agreed to resume on the basis of equality and respect high-level military-to-military communication, the China-U.S. Defence Policy Coordination Talks, and the China-U.S. Military Maritime Consultative Agreement meetings, and to conduct telephone conversations between theatre commanders.
They also agreed to commit to working toward a significant further increase in scheduled passenger flights early next year, and expand educational, student, youth, cultural, sports and business exchanges.
The two leaders underscored the importance of working together to accelerate efforts to tackle the climate crisis in this critical decade. They welcomed recent positive discussions between their respective special envoys for climate, including on national actions to reduce emissions in the 2020s and on common approaches toward a successful COP28 and on operationalization of the Working Group on Enhancing Climate Action in the 2020s to accelerate concrete climate actions.
Following the meeting, Biden hosted a luncheon in Xi’s honour. The two heads of state exchanged views on the Palestine-Israel conflict and other international and regional issues of mutual concern.
Biden invited Xi for a walk in Filoli Estate, and he escorted President Xi to his limousine to bid farewell.
The meeting was positive, comprehensive and constructive. It has charted the course for improving and developing China-U.S. relations. And San Francisco should be a new starting point for stabilizing China-U.S. relations. They instructed their teams to build on the understandings reached in Bali and to timely follow up on and implement the new vision agreed on at San Francisco. The two heads of state agreed to continue their regular contact.
The meeting between President Xi and President Biden at APEC marked a significant step towards stabilizing and enhancing China-U.S. relations. The agreements reached, including the establishment of working groups and reaffirmation of commitments, showcase a commitment to cooperation amid global challenges. San Francisco is positioned as a new starting point for the two nations, with instructions for continued contact and implementation of the shared vision outlined in the meeting. The diplomatic dialogue and cooperation established contribute to the broader goal of creating a resilient and sustainable future for the Asia-Pacific region and beyond.
（注意： 本文章用机器软件翻译的。很可能有差异。 请参考原版英文的）